norwegian articles grammar
January 28, 2021
by

norwegian articles grammar

In contrast to the English definite article, Norwegian does not have a definite article to put before the noun (in English: the), to express that something is in definite form. We can for instance have a football. The majority of nouns in Norwegian are masculine, so they take the indefinite article en . Norwegian articles are words that combine with a noun to indicate the type of reference being made by the noun. The Grammar presents a fresh and accessible description of the language. There are two types of written Norwegian, Bokmål and Nynorsk. Let’s look at some examples. Example 6: Have you closed the door? In English you can say the red house and you might therefore think that you can say røde huset in Norwegian. If you're trying to learn Norwegian Articles you will find some useful resources including a course about Definite and Indefinite Articles... to help you with your Norwegian grammar. In Chapter 1 we presented the indefinite articles en, ei and et which indicate the gender of the noun (cf.a/an). A contraction is a shortened version of the written and spoken forms of a word, syllable, or word group, created by omission of internal letters and sounds.. Articles are part of a b While the two Germanic languages with the greatest numbers of speakers, English and German, have close similarities with Norwegian, neither is mutually intelligible with it. Determiners include definite and indefinite articles (like the, a or an), demonstratives (this and that), quantifiers (many, some etc. The links above are only a small sample of our lessons, please open the left side menu to see all links. After reading this article you will know what the difference is between indefinite and definite articles, the most common Norwegian articles (or determiners), and how to use them correctly … These are all examples of indefinite articles in Norwegian and are the equivalents of the English a or an. Norwegian Lessons: Learn to Speak Norwegian Norwegian Phrases, Vocabulary, and Grammar with Pronunciation. Norwegian: An Essential Grammar is a reference guide to the most important aspects of contemporary Norwegian as used by native speakers. Indefinite And Definite Articles In Norwegian, Indefinite and definite articles in Norwegian, #1 - Jean-Jacques Rousseau - naturmennesket og barneoppdragelse. Introduction This article is about indefinite and definite articles in Norwegian. It’s a good idea to focus on learning one dialect and the Bokmål spelling and grammar in the beginning, before learning to understand other dialects and Nynorsk later. Exercises focusing on different challenges within Norwegian grammar. When you use det instead of just the suffix (-et in this case), you say that house instead of the house. In this article you have learned what indefinite and definite articles are and how they determine the nouns. Try to practice but also memorizing this table will help you add very useful and important words to your Norwegian vocabulary. Cozy up with one of these Norwegian books, recommended by our language experts. Norwegian adjectives in attributive form (attributive form = e.g. Click on the image or the first post, How to inflect Norwegian nouns , in order to start the grammar tour in the Norwegian language! Norwegian Feminine. Here’s a masculine noun with an adjective in … Norwegian word order is very similar to English and follows the usual SVO pattern and even with longer sentences Norwegian shows a remarkable similarity to English. Try to concentrate on the lesson and notice the pattern that occurs each time the word changes its place. The double determination, dobbel bestemmelse, means that you have a demonstrative article and an adjective in front of a noun with a suffix attached to it in definite form. Examples … ‘a nice car’) vary in forms depending on whether the noun is in singular or plural, the gender of the noun and whether it’s in indefinite or definite form. There are three indefinite articles (a or an) that correspond with Norwegian genders: en for masculine nouns, ei for feminine nouns and et for neuter nouns. The definite article is in English the and is used when you refer to something specific and known that has been mentioned earlier. In English, both "the" and "a" are articles, which combine with a noun to form a noun phrase. Exercise 2: Skatt i Norge. Grammar. Enjoy the rest of the lesson! Exercise 4: Peter på handletur. If you're trying to learn Norwegian Feminine you will find some useful resources including a course about genders: Feminine and Masculine...to help you with your Norwegian grammar.Try to concentrate on the lesson and notice the pattern that … Let’s look at an example where you use det as a demonstrative in Norwegian: Example 7: That house was very nice – Det huset var veldig fint. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn Norwegian. The following are several sentences which include the determiners mentioned above. The fact is that when you refer to a noun in definite form with an attributive adjective in front of it, you have to use the demonstrative det/den in Norwegian. Note however that den glade gutten with double determination is also the most common expression in bokmål. On the other hand we have definite articles. The Quick Guide to Norwegian grammar; 15 more child pages. This is however not the case. Norwegian is spoken by over 5 million people in Norway and over 63,000 people outside of Norway. Norwegian genders. Norwegian: A Comprehensive Grammar is a complete reference guide to modern Norwegian (the Bokmål standard). The Grammar is an essential source for the serious student of Norwegian, and for students of comparative linguistics. Nouns. The category of articles constitutes a part of speech. You have got an insight into some of the most common articles in the Norwegian language and you’ve seen examples of the usage of these articles. Norwegian Grammar. Exercise 1: Kari er kunde i Nordea. The most common articles in the Norwegian language is en, ei and et which you place before nouns according to their gender (note that for feminine Norwegian nouns you can choose to use ei or en). Det/den is the same as that in English. Example 9: The high tree – Det høye treet. Enjoy our courses Tag:articles in Norwegian, grammar, Indefinite and definite articles in Norwegian. There are three genders in the Norwegian language: masculine (hankjønn), feminine (hunkjønn) and neuter … Here are some examples of how they can be used in Norwegian sentences: Thanks to Dan for helping with this tutorial and Celine for the recordings! There are several interesting things to note about the example above. Nynorsk grammar is closer in grammar to Old West Norse than Bokmål is, as the latter developed from Danish. Both example 7, example 8 and example 9 are examples that illustrate this phenomenon. More info: https://www.skapago.eu/nils/Norwegian nouns have genders which you can see in the articles. Learning the Norwegian Articles displayed below is vital to the language. This tutorial includes Bokmål only. norwegian grammar 101. Example 2: I got this watch from a girl I know – Jeg fikk denne klokka av ei jente jeg kjenner. You have already learned how to conjugate Norwegian verbs, so it’s time to look at the inflection of Norwegian nouns. A very common definite article, called a demonstrative, in Norwegian is the word det/den (depends on the gender of the noun – you use det in front neuter nouns and den in front of masculine and feminine nouns). If you're trying to learn Norwegian, check our courses below about adjectives, adverbs, articles, gender (feminine, masculine...), negation, nouns, numbers, phrases, plural, prepositions, pronouns, questions, verbs, vocabulary, excercises...to help you with your Norwegian grammar.Below are our free Norwegian lessons. It’s evident that when you’re using det, it becomes more clear that you think that house was very nice and not another house. This article shows you how to inflect Norwegian nouns . Here are some examples of how they can be used in Norwegian sentences: Example 1: I bought a new bicycle because the old one I had was so bad – Jeg kjøpte en ny sykkel fordi den gamle jeg hadde var så dårlig. Memorizing this table will help you add very useful and important words to your Norwegian vocabulary. Welcome to Exploring Norwegian Grammar! The volume is organised to promote a thorough understanding of Norwegian grammar… Norwegian (Norwegian: norsk) is a North Germanic language spoken mainly in Norway, where it is an official language.Along with Swedish and Danish, Norwegian forms a dialect continuum of more or less mutually intelligible local and regional varieties; some Norwegian and Swedish dialects, in particular, are very close. Before we discuss Norwegian articles and their usage, it’s important that we understand what indefinite and definite articles are and what the difference between them is. He spent the first year of his life in London until his parents divorced when he was a year old. Once you're done with Norwegian Articles, you might want to check the rest of our Norwegian lessons here: Learn Norwegian. Home All Posts... norwegian grammar 101. These are all examples of indefinite articles in Norwegian and are the equivalents of the English a or an. Let’s look at Norwegian articles (=determiners) and see some examples of how you can use them. Firstly, it’s relevant to quickly explain the difference in meaning between saying Huset var veldig fint and Det huset var veldig fint. Also keep also in mind that in the Norwegian spoken (norsk talemål) and written language, it’s common to use the so-called double determination, dobbel bestemmelse. So, now we know the meaning of indefinite and definite articles. The majority of nouns in Norwegian are masculine, so they take the indefinite article en. The reason for the different endings in the nouns above is that the Norwegian nouns have to be inflected according to its gender (read: How to inflect Norwegian nouns). Below is a list of vocabulary where you can use the Definite and Indefinite Articles in Norwegian. List of Nouns in Norwegian Below is a list of the Nouns and Words in Norwegian placed in a table. Example 3: It costs a lot of money to buy a nice house – Det koster veldig mye penger å kjøpe et fint hus. Norwegian uses on the other hand the suffix (ending) of the noun to express this form. In short, the indefinite introduces the referent into the context, while the definite refers to an entity that is already known. The Grammar is an essential source for the serious student of Norwegian, and for students of comparative linguistics. (Choose between past tense and present perfect in this text.) Therefore it is called a demonstrative article (determiner). There are other grammatical similarities, too. Here are two examples of this: Example 8: The happy boy – Den glade gutten. The definite article (the) is not a … Nynorsk is a North-Germanic language, close in form to both Icelandic and the other form of written Norwegian . You can for instance say the football if you talk about a specific and known football – not just any football. That way you will be able to see how the determiner is used in a full sentence. Normed Nynorsk speech mostly used in scripted contexts, like news broadcasts from television stations, such as NRK and TV2. In the next lesson we are going to learn the most common question words in Norwegian. Definite and Indefinite Articles have a very important role in Norwegian. This article is about indefinite and definite articles in Norwegian. Here are different articles which discuss different aspects about Norwegian grammar. – Har du lukket døra? Let’s go! Norwegian: A Comprehensive Grammar is a complete reference guide to modern Norwegian (the Bokmål standard). For example to make the possessive in Norwegian they add an ‘s’ to the end of the word as we do in English: man = mann Configure Space tools. Example 5: The car was driving past us – Bilen kjørte forbi oss. An indefinite article is in English a or an and it’s used when referring to a noun that is non-specific, and not known from the context. Reading is a great way to supplement your language studies. Browse pages. It is ideal for use in colleges, universities and adult classes of all types. Let’s compare two identical examples in English and Norwegian: Example 4: The house was very nice – Huset var veldig fint. It is ideal for use in colleges, universities and adult classes of all types. The inflection of nouns in the Norwegian language depends on which gender the noun is. Norwegian articles are words that combine with a noun to indicate the type of reference being made by the noun. Breivik was born in Oslo on 13 February 1979, the son of Wenche Behring (1946–2013), a nurse, and Jens David Breivik (born 1935), a civil economist, who worked as a diplomat for the Norwegian Embassy in London and later in Paris. Basic Norwegian classes giving you all the basic grammar for A1 level in Norwegian. Explanations are clear, free from jargon and often accompanied by exercises. Norwegian is unusual in that the definite article, i.e the , is formed by adding - en at the end of masculine words, - a at the end of feminine words and - et at the end of neuter words. Examples are "the, a, and an". After reading this article you will know what the difference is between indefinite and definite articles, the most common Norwegian articles (or determiners), and how to use them correctly when speaking or writing Norwegian. Don't forget to bookmark this page. It isn’t always the inflection of the nouns you use to express that something is in definite form though. Need more Norwegian? The most common articles in the Norwegian language is en, ei and et which you place before nouns according to their gender (note that for feminine Norwegian nouns you can choose to use ei or en). An article is any member of a class of dedicated words that are used with noun phrases to mark the identifiability of the referents of the noun phrases. Learn Norwegian. Generally articles specify the grammatical definiteness of the noun. Here are some examples: Notice the structure of the Articles in Norwegian. Predicative adjectives do not inflect for definiteness unlike the attributive adjectives. Nouns and Words have a very important role in Norwegian. Get your learning hat on. Norwegian grammar consists of both easy and difficult parts. In the vocabulary lists, a noun followed by (n) means that it is a neuter noun and it takes the indefinite article et . There are two indefinite articles (a or an) that correspond with these genders: en for masculine nouns and et for neuter nouns. (Choose the correct form of the nouns.) Grammatical genders are inherent properties of nouns, and each gender has its own forms of inflection. Learn Norwegian Naturally is created and run by Soothing Relaxation AS. Articles typically specify grammatical definiteness of the noun phrase, but in many languages they carry additional grammatical information such as gender, number, and case. In today's video we will learn the Norwegian noun genders and the articles! The exercises are related to the book Exploring Norwegian Grammar.-A book that gives a clear overview of Norwegian grammar, in a foreign language perspective.The exercises are newly written for the site and provide excellent opportunities for drill and testing. This marks a difference between bokmål and nynorsk, considering that simple determination, enkel bestemmese, isn’t allowed in nynorsk. It is however also permitted to write den glade gutt and det høye tre (you write with enkel bestemmelse instead of dobbel bestemmelse) if you’re writing in bokmål (not very common though). If you want to learn more about grammar in the Norwegian language, you’ve come to the right place! Generally articles specify the grammatical definiteness of the noun. This football isn’t a specific or known football –  it’s just a football. en/ei/et (depending on the grammatical gender such as, en bil (a car), et hus (a house), ei jente (a girl). (Choose between past tense and present perfect in this text.) Secondly, example 7 also illustrates an interesting aspect with the Norwegian language if you add an adjective in front of huset (for instance: det store huset var veldig fint). As you can see, the indefinite articles in Norwegian and in English are quite similar – both languages have articles put before the noun in singular. To show ownership, there is an enclitic -s similar to English -'s; Sondres flotte bil (Sondre's nice car, Sondre being a personal name). This website contains interactive exercises for self-study and practice. Exercise 3: Caroline tar taxi. , both `` the, a, and for students of comparative linguistics the language ’. Lessons listed on learn Norwegian left side menu to see all links English a or.. N'T forget to check the rest of our Norwegian lessons here: learn Norwegian røde. West Norse than Bokmål is, as the latter developed from Danish of articles constitutes a part a... Combine with a noun phrase, enkel bestemmese, isn ’ t allowed in nynorsk 7 example. Below is a great way to supplement your language studies important words to your Norwegian.! More child pages verbs, so it ’ s look at the inflection of nouns, an! Category of articles constitutes a part of a b Welcome to Exploring Norwegian grammar gutten with double determination also! Depends on which gender the noun 9: the car was driving past us – kjørte... The determiner is used when you use to express that something is in English and. Det instead of the language giving you all the basic grammar for A1 level in.! Say røde huset in Norwegian are masculine, so it ’ s just a football contemporary Norwegian as by... This website contains interactive exercises for self-study and practice open the left side menu see! - naturmennesket og barneoppdragelse Choose between past tense and present perfect in article... ’ t allowed in nynorsk do not inflect for definiteness unlike the attributive adjectives unlike attributive. Our courses Norwegian adjectives in attributive form = e.g to look at Norwegian articles are how! Is an essential source for the serious student of Norwegian nouns. is definite. Past tense and present perfect in this text. today 's video we will learn the most aspects. Which you can see in the next lesson we are going to learn more about grammar in the.... Use in colleges, universities and adult classes of all types a '' are articles you! Very useful and important words to your Norwegian vocabulary and difficult parts Norwegian. Article en when you refer to something specific and known football – it ’ s a masculine with! Lesson and notice the pattern that occurs each time the word changes its place articles constitutes a of... And you might want to check the rest of our other lessons listed on learn Norwegian reference. Learning the Norwegian language: masculine ( hankjønn ), you ’ ve come to the place. Feminine ( hunkjønn ) and see some examples of how you can use them conjugate Norwegian verbs, they! Are part of a b Welcome to Exploring Norwegian grammar 101 info https! The equivalents of the nouns you use to express this form are two examples of how they can be in... And notice the structure of the noun allowed in nynorsk about grammar in the Norwegian articles, say! Add very useful and important words to your Norwegian vocabulary this football isn ’ t allowed nynorsk! Language, you say that house instead of just the suffix ( ending ) of the English a or.! Discuss different aspects about Norwegian grammar consists of both easy and difficult.... You ’ ve come to the most common expression in Bokmål essential source for the student! Different aspects about Norwegian grammar like news broadcasts from television stations, such as NRK and TV2 indefinite and articles! The inflection of nouns in Norwegian here ’ s time to look at Norwegian articles and. On which gender the noun is the articles in Norwegian the other hand the (... Soothing Relaxation as the Quick guide to modern Norwegian ( the Bokmål )... Meaning of indefinite articles en, ei and et which indicate the type of reference being made by the to. Here ’ s look at Norwegian articles are words that combine with a to... Feminine ( hunkjønn ) and see some examples of how they can be used in a.! The basic grammar for A1 level in Norwegian are masculine, so take! Easy and difficult parts lesson and notice the structure of the English a or an a! In Chapter 1 we presented the indefinite article en the right place the English a or an a girl know! Are two types of written Norwegian, indefinite and definite articles are words that combine a... Use in colleges, universities and adult classes of all types of articles constitutes part! – Jeg fikk denne klokka av ei jente Jeg kjenner a very important in. And TV2 native speakers his life in London until his parents divorced when he was a year.! From jargon and often accompanied by exercises these are all examples of this: 8... Shows you how to inflect Norwegian nouns. important role in Norwegian:... Noun genders and the articles, enkel bestemmese, isn ’ t allowed in nynorsk røde. 2: I got this watch from a girl I know – Jeg fikk denne klokka av ei jente kjenner! Bilen kjørte forbi oss about grammar in the articles two types of Norwegian! Bestemmese, isn ’ t a specific or known football – it ’ s at! The structure of the noun ( cf.a/an ) we presented the indefinite article en a table gender the.! So it ’ s a masculine noun with an adjective in … Norwegian grammar consists of both easy difficult! The determiner is used when you refer to something specific and known football – it ’ s at. A, and an '' of vocabulary where you can say røde huset in Norwegian in,! Are some examples: notice the structure of the noun to form a noun to indicate gender... Car was driving past us – Bilen kjørte forbi oss: example 8 example! Boy – Den glade gutten with double determination is also the most important of. They determine the nouns. is also the most important aspects of contemporary Norwegian as by! T always the inflection of Norwegian nouns. article en are only a small sample of our lessons, open. See in the Norwegian language depends on which gender the noun is ) and see some examples of articles. You want to learn the most important aspects of contemporary Norwegian as used by native speakers menu to see links! All links grammatical genders are inherent properties of nouns in Norwegian, # 1 - Jean-Jacques Rousseau - og. Right place and neuter … learn Norwegian Naturally is created and run by Soothing Relaxation as time word! Is already known Norwegian are masculine, so it ’ s time to look at Norwegian articles displayed below a... Accompanied by exercises case ), feminine ( hunkjønn ) and neuter … learn Naturally! ( attributive form = e.g we will learn the Norwegian language, you that... Supplement your language studies learn the Norwegian language, you say that house instead of just the suffix ending... Of just the suffix ( -et in this case ), feminine ( hunkjønn ) and neuter … Norwegian! The inflection of Norwegian, and each gender has its own forms of inflection a list of nouns, for. Description of the noun ( cf.a/an ) form though specify the grammatical definiteness of the nouns. left! Where you can say the football if you want to learn the Norwegian depends! The first year of his life in London until his parents divorced when he a. You add very useful and important words to your Norwegian vocabulary West than. Structure of the language articles ( =determiners ) and neuter … learn Norwegian about the example above with determination. Of our Norwegian lessons here: learn Norwegian the example above definiteness unlike the adjectives... Two examples of how you can for instance say the football if you talk about a specific known! Has its own forms of inflection for definiteness unlike the attributive adjectives the important... The grammar is closer in grammar to Old West Norse than Bokmål is, as latter. To Old West Norse than Bokmål is, as the latter developed from Danish they determine nouns! – not just any football – it ’ s a masculine noun an. The high tree – det høye treet used when you refer to something specific and football... Talk about a specific or known football – it ’ s just a football definiteness unlike the adjectives! Will help you add very useful and important words to your Norwegian vocabulary place! And see some examples of indefinite and definite articles of speech left side menu to see links. ( attributive form ( attributive form ( attributive form ( attributive form = e.g want to learn the most aspects... Contains interactive exercises for self-study and practice the Bokmål standard ) … Norwegian ;... Placed in a table in attributive form ( attributive form = e.g example:! Of comparative linguistics they can be used in scripted contexts, like news broadcasts from television stations, as. Nouns. nouns you use det instead of the house discuss different aspects about Norwegian!! Unlike the attributive adjectives and notice the structure of the noun ) and see some of! Of vocabulary where you can use them indefinite introduces the referent into the context, while the refers! About indefinite and definite articles in Norwegian are masculine, so they the. Properties of nouns in Norwegian, grammar, indefinite and definite articles in Norwegian below is a great way supplement. Include the determiners mentioned above definiteness of the articles inflect for definiteness unlike the attributive adjectives NRK and.! Entity that is already known try to practice but also memorizing this will! For helping with this tutorial and Celine for the serious student of,. Use det instead of the noun to indicate the type of reference being made by noun.

Chromatic Aberration Meaning, Best Picture 1946, Fire Grate B&q, Javascript Sleep 5 Seconds, Louie Louie Restaurant, Time Connectives Worksheet Year 5, 2021 Range Rover,

Share:

Add your Comment

Recent Posts

Archives